Alcohol Addict in the Family. Helping him/her to Realize the Problem and start Treatment.
Jul 24, 2019
“My father has been drinking for 10 years already. I should leave him at any moment, but I stay because of my mother. I told her so many times to leave him, but she is afraid he’ll drink himself to death. Well, he already is doing so! All this while she is around him! And why shouldn’t he drink now that she looks after the whole family and he doesn’t have to lift a finger? She brings money, she cooks food and she does the laundry. There is more time for drinking at his disposal! It has become even worse lately. He cannot even heat up food without problems, he burns it and almost caused a fire the other day. Twice he has flooded our neighbors. Mother had to make everything right. And he sees no problem in that! It wasn’t his fault, he says, he was tired and fell asleep. It has become dangerous to live with him.”
– Ella, 20
An alcohol addict is not the only one who suffers from their addiction. Their family is in the same boat. Life with such a person is like sitting on a powder keg. Often there is a lack of money, a sense of guilt and an inability to control the situation. Naturally, family members are very unhappy with this state and try to change it. However, is it even possible? Can we help a spouse or a grown-up child when they are obsessed with alcohol yet see no problem in it? How should we act if an addict starts to receive treatment? Can we increase their chances of success? Let’s find out.
- Test: signs of alcohol addiction. When to start to worry
- Who is guilty in alcohol addiction?
- When we enable our relative’s addiction
- How to act when our relative is an addict
Test: signs of alcohol addiction. When to start to worry
Many alcohol addicts do not admit to having a problem. “I can quit any time! I just want to drink right now, but I can also not want to at another time. I’ll quit when I decide to quit. Why am I not quitting now? I don’t want to, I’m fine this way.”
Is there really a problem in that? Not every person who consumes alcohol is an addict. How can we distinguish addicts from those who simply drink occasionally?
You can read about stages of alcohol addiction in another article. For now, we offer you a short test consisting of 10 statements. They are related to the behavior of a person whom you suspect to be addicted to alcohol.  Read the statements and answer “yes” or “no”.
1. They always find a reason to drink, even if there are no celebrations and they have no company.
2. They get angry and nervous when they cannot drink.
3. They hide the amount of alcohol they actually consume.
4. They often forget what happened while they were drunk.
5. They cannot quit drinking. They drink while there is alcohol available.
6. They need to take a drink to cure a hangover.
7. Alcohol has replaced almost all their hobbies and interests.
8. They go on drinking sprees which might last for 2-3 days.
9. They have had problems with the law due to drunken brawls or inappropriate behavior, yet they still drink regularly.
10. They drink often and need only a small amount of alcohol to get drunk.
If you have answered “yes” to at least 3 statements, you should pay close attention to the situation. Your relative is quite likely to have an alcohol addiction.
Please note, this is not a precise test and we strongly recommend against making a diagnosis based upon it. However, if you are genuinely worried about your relative’s behavior, you should consult a specialist.
Who is guilty in alcohol addiction?
Some say that people develop alcohol addictions because of their surroundings. They say that an addict is really a good person, but their spouse or parents are so awful that there is no alternative but to drink. Addicts themselves support that opinion, as it is very convenient for them. They tell themselves that they are not responsible for their behavior, it’s someone else’s fault.
Of course, there are certain risk factors for alcohol addiction. Let’s look at the most common social causes of the development of this habit.
- No professional fulfillment. A low salary, a lack of qualifications or even unemployment can make a person want to distract themselves by consuming alcohol.
- Friends and hobbies. Many traditional kinds of entertainment for men, like fishing, hunting and repairing a car imply drinking, and many people do so, because “it’s tradition”.
- Authoritative relatives. If his parents or his wife dominate over a man, that man might develop the desire to start drinking as a means to escape the control.
- Stress, anxiety and depression. In many cultures, men are supposed to be strong, to tolerate pain and never complain. As a result, a husband is left alone with his own problems, and he starts to see alcohol as a means to distract himself.
- Boredom. Household chores are tedious and resemble drudgery, so some housewives may entertain themselves with alcohol.
- Illusion of a beautiful life. Some people perceive sangria, mojito and “sex on the beach” not as drinks, but as elements of a beautiful life. Abuse of such drinks can eventually result in the transition to the much less glamorous vodka.
- If a husband drinks, his wife might start drinking as well. She may do so to keep him company or with the intention of reducing the amount her spouse drinks.
- Domestic violence, including such experiences in her birth family, depression, anxiety. An absence of peace and stability can result in developing a drinking habit to soothe the pain.
An adult child can start drinking for the same reasons listed above. After all, he/she is not just your child but somebody’s spouse. However, in some cases people develop addiction during their teenage years and adolescence.
- Drinking parents. If even one of the parents drinks heavily, the children have a hard time. This is not just setting a bad example. Children may experience abuse and be in constant stress. Some addicts can even encourage their children to drink with them. Sometimes children drink to become closer with their parents. All these factors help the development of early alcohol addiction. In some cases though, children firmly decide to stay sober after watching their parents drink. We can never know for certain the outcome of any specific situation.
- Bad company. A teenager may start drinking to seem older or cooler. As a result, such teenagers may develop an addiction to alcohol by the time they reach adulthood.
Regardless of these risk factors, a lot depends on the person themselves when it comes to alcohol addiction. Heavy drinking people often involve others in their abuse, and so family and friends start to condone an addict’s behavior, thus supporting the disease progression. Such relationships become co-dependent quickly, and it is extremely difficult to get out of it.
In a healthy relationship, a person devotes a lot of their time to their life, health, and emotional well-being. They understand that they can affect other people. They feel the connection with their friends and family but never try to control them. How are co-dependent relationships different? 
- In a co-dependent relationship a person tries to control the emotions and behavior of the other person constantly. Naturally, achieving full control is impossible, but attempts to do so never end.
- Co-dependent people start to fight their relative’s alcohol addiction only when it solves someone else’s problem. Their own interests become less important. They may try to find a job for the addict, apply for an interview or plan some methods to motivate and inspire the affected person. They may choose conventional treatment methods or even turn to other ideas like fortune telling and praying.
- A co-dependent relationship is often mistaken for a genuine desire to help a person. How can we abandon our loved one in need, after all? However, in a co-dependent relationship the main goal is to improve the other person’s life, not one’s own. “They’ll quit drinking and I’ll finally be happy.”
If you see yourself in this description, do not let that upset you. You are not wrong and you are not a bad person. You have simply learned a specific behavior pattern. It often stems from our childhood.
“I have long wondered why am I so obsessed with treating my husband’s addiction. He never wanted treatment, he thought his behavior was normal. He said that everyone drank in our village, so how else could he entertain himself? You see, he never even thought about changing, I was the only one who wanted that. I went out of my way to make our family happy and racked my brains about how to make my husband quit. One day I finally realized why I did this. My grandfather used to drink quite a lot. When he got violent, mother and grandmother always told me: “Go comfort your grandpa, he loves you, so he won’t hurt you.” You see? They made me believe that I could control my grandfather. I went to pick him up from our neighbors to make sure he didn’t get wasted. I pleaded with him to refrain from drinking on holidays. I thought I was controlling him, but I wasn’t. Now I do the same thing to my husband.”
– Zoya, 37
Co-dependence often goes hand in hand with enabling addictions. Relatives of an addict genuinely want to help, but they often don’t realize that some of their actions can justify an addict’s behavior. A person with alcohol addiction becomes convinced that there is no problem, so there is nothing to solve.
How can we realize that we are entangled in a co-dependent relationship? What behavior counts as enabling?
When we enable our relative's addiction
1. Financial support
Relatives may start providing money or even buying the alcohol themselves. Such behavior often stems from fear. People are afraid that they will have to refuse, establish boundaries and insist on adhering to them. They fear that an addict will behave unpredictably, start yelling or even become aggressive and violent. Alcohol addicts often beg for money in public places, in the hope that their spouse or relatives will be ashamed of this behavior.
“He knew what buttons to push. I never gave him any money, I didn’t even keep any cash at home. He started to come to my work and ask for money in front of others. I gave in a couple of times, as I didn’t want to start arguing at work. After that, he began to come every day and whine until I gave him at least some money. He stopped asking for that at home but simply came to my workplace to beg for money for alcohol. I had to clench my teeth and endure his tantrums. I didn’t let him in, I went out and refused, refused and refused. He understood that I would not give him money anymore after the fifth time, and stopped coming.”
– Irina, 47
Relatives often rush to save a person, thus taking away that person’s chance to overcome any hardships on their own. For example, they may blame the manager who fired a person because of drinking and insist on helping them find a job, buy them groceries etc. Such over-protection leads to a sense of personal helplessness (I cannot do anything myself others always help me) or impunity (I can do anything I want, and they will help me anyway).
3. Taking responsibility for an addict’s behavior
Relatives start to consider themselves to be the cause of their loved one’s addiction. They think they didn’t support and inspire them enough or earned to little or too much. They consider that they didn’t act properly or insisted on the doing of chores etc. As a result, an addict takes no responsibility for their own behavior and does not try to change the situation: they are not at fault, they cannot do anything about their unsupportive surroundings.
“It was living hell. One day I realized that my husband was drinking every day with no intention to stop. My mother-in-law blamed me for that. She said he was an innocent boy when we met, but I got on his nerves too much and he started drinking. However, he used to drink before meeting me but his sprees simply lasted for 2-3 days, not several weeks. And I believed her words! I started to blame myself. I tried to become better, act like a good wife and never say a word about it to him. Hangover? Here is something to help. What, you need me to bring you some beer from the fridge? Sure enough, I am a good wife and obey my husband. Then I got into personal therapy and realized that I was not at fault! Drinking was his choice, and all I did was I enabled him. I couldn’t stand it and filed for divorce. Surprise-surprise! My new husband does not drink, even though I am around. Even my previous mother-in-law considers me an angel and blames her son’s new wife for his addiction.”
– Marina, 29
4. Shifting responsibility to other people or circumstances
In this case, everyone and everything but the addict is responsible for this problem – bad lineage, evil manager, stressful job, drinking co-workers, world crisis or the moon in Aquarius! An addict therefore becomes relaxed if they think they are not the cause of the addiction, they cannot do anything about it. They cannot solve the world problems, and they need to relieve stress, so why not have a drink?
Текст на картинке: You are disappointed with me again, start working on yourself so that I change
5. Lies and secretiveness
Relatives can be ashamed of public judgment and cover up for an addict. They might help them lie to others and conceal any problems. For example, if a person cannot work because of a drinking spree, they will call that person’s manager and lie about being unwell. As a result, an addict becomes convinced that everything is fine and there is no need to worry.
6. Desire to appease and avoid conflicts
The desire to be an “ideal spouse” and a good and understanding person makes an addict’s relatives allow abusive treatment and be reluctant to resist bursts of aggression. As a result, an addict concludes that they can behave (and drink) however they want without consequences.
7. Blaming and criticism
It is hard to accept that you are an addict. Direct accusations often lead to resistance, stubbornness, and anger. The situation, however, does not change, a person refuses to take a hard look at their habits and thinks that everything is fine.
“It took me a long time to realize my drinking problem. I used to drink at the weekends. Well, everyone does, it can be hard to stop. Well, I cannot sometimes remember the previous evening. I thought a hangover comes from low quality of alcohol. My boyfriend tried to tell me about that, but it was always hurtful, something like: “Varya, you are a booze hag, stop drinking.” I simply got angry and took another glass. We broke up, because he became so negative. I came back to my senses when I noticed myself doing things I would never do when sober. Nothing criminal, yet nothing good. I rarely drink nowadays, and even if I do, I only have a little, so that I don’t become drunk.”
– Varvara, 34
8. Belief that a person can be changed against their will
Some people think that they can influence another person’s behavior and change it without that person noticing, if they try hard enough. However, we all have free will and are responsible for our own actions. The only thing we can do is change our own behavior and attitude towards the situation. These changes may or may not affect the other person’s behavior. There is no kind of “proper” behavior to treat an addiction. However, if our relative reciprocates our actions, there is a chance that our behavior will have a positive effect.
How to act when our relative is an addict
What can we do if our loved one drinks a lot? How can we help them overcome their alcohol addiction? First of all, we can help them realize the problem. Secondly, we must support them during their treatment.
Helping a relative recognize the problem and consider treatment
Step 1. Decide yourself if you are ready to live this life
First you must think for yourself if you are fine with the life you are about to embark upon. What will you do if your spouse becomes aggressive, fighting for their right to drink? Are you ready to support them if they finally decide to start treatment? Will you be able to try again if they lack will and give up? What will you do if the treatment doesn’t work? Are you ready to spend your whole life with an alcohol addict? Sometimes we cannot give clear answers to all these questions, so it might be a good idea to consult a psychologist.
Remember that helping an addict is hard, and you may lack the resources to persevere until the end, while some situations are practically hopeless. Do not blame yourself for making a choice.
Step 2. Relieve yourself of responsibility for the other’s actions.
Accept the fact that you cannot change another person’s habits on your own. You can support and help them, yes, but you cannot act in their place. If an addict doesn’t realize the problem, no persuasion and no hidden treatment will work. It all depends entirely on them. There is only one answer to the question “can I do anything if my spouse or child drinks?” No, you cannot, unless they realize their addiction and want to work on it.
Step 3. Prompt an addict towards realizing the problem
If you take an addict to a clinic and simply hand the problem to doctors, your chances of success are very low. An addict doesn’t need this, so they won’t make any effort to move forward with treatment. You must first nudge them towards understanding their condition. This conversation will only be effective when a person is sober.
- Tell them what worries you and how much you care about them. Tell them what you see, what consequences their addiction has had and how much your life has changed because of it.
- Try not to blame them, but let them open up. “I care about you, and I want to listen to you and understand you, I won’t blame or judge you, but I need to know what is going on.”
- Try to speak calmly, without attacking and blaming a person. They must understand that you are their ally, not a persecutor.
- Start your sentences with “I”, speak about yourself and your own feelings. “I know how often drunken brawls happen, and I am always worried about you when you don’t sleep at home.”
- Your loved one will likely try to protect themself. It is a normal reaction to avoid a sense of guilt. Your first attempt may fail, and it is likely to take time for an addict to realize the problem.
Step 4. Stop enabling an addict
Find out which of your actions help the addict to avoid the consequences of their behavior. You might be helping them with their job, hiding the problem from mutual friends, buying them groceries, or aiding in another way. Let the addict take responsibility for the consequences of their own actions.
It can be extremely hard to refrain from helping if the person drinking is your own son or daughter, your dear child. However, you must find in yourself the strength to say “no” for their sake. You should not acquiesce to their manipulations and blackmailing and never believe their attempts to blame you for their addiction. You might need the help and support from a psychologist at this stage.
Step 5. Let the person see that their problem can be solved
There are several views of alcohol addiction and its treatment: 
- The medical and biological model presents this addiction as a disorder or a hereditary disease. An addict then does not feel guilt, yet cannot realize that alcohol addiction can be treated. “I tried treatment and it didn’t work. It is a disease.” “My father drinks, my son drinks, so there is nothing I can do. It runs in our family.”
- The choice model presents alcohol addiction as a conscious decision. This approach helps people gain sight of treatment methods, but it is paired with a strong sense of guilt, which interferes with overcoming the problem.
- The cause search model enables us to find the causes of addiction but is not in the least helpful in the process of overcoming it.
- The learning model. This model can prove to be more efficient. It basically says: addiction is a learned behavior pattern. A person learns to do a certain thing and continues doing so. Their brains get used to receiveing pleasure this way. This source of pleasure becomes easy and accessible, so a person obviously indulges in it. Just like we brush our teeth in the morning or eat cookies with tea, an addict relieves their stress and boosts their mood by drinking alcohol.
Increased craving for alcohol causes strong desires, which in turn subdue the other intentions of a person. As a result, a person develops tunnel vision, with only their goal in sight. In this case, it is alcohol.
If a person has mastered a habit, they can learn another one, because our brains are flexible and can adapt to various situations, while the learning mechanisms for habits are all the same. This is how our 7Spsy behavior modification technique works. It is a registered method of behavior psychology, which can help people on their way to overcoming a bad habit.
How to act when a relative is trying to get rid of alcohol addiction
What should you do when your alcoholic spouse has decided to receive treatment? How can we help them stay on course and support them?
Rule 1. Help them choose a treatment program or a medical facility
At its final stage an alcohol addiction is not just a psychological problem, it also has physical consequences. The body of an addict gets used to large volumes of alcohol and adapts to “process” it. Experiencing withdrawal symptoms is quite common.  These are expressed by excessive sweating, tremor, spasms, low mood, anxiety, fear, poor sleep and nightmares. A person gets in a terrible state, and it can get even worse depending on the stage of addiction. Medical and psychological help becomes extremely important for them. Look for rehabilitation facilities in your neighborhood, read their reviews, consult with medical specialists, or even find people who have received treatment and ask them for advice. You can discuss all this with your loved one and help them to make a choice.
Rule 2. Support them even during relapse
A person fighting an addiction learns to live their life anew, this time without alcohol. They may relapse occasionally. You must understand that a short relapse does not mean failure. It is simply a small step back, so you still can, and should, continue. You need to analyze the situation, find those risk factors which prompt alcohol consumption and learn from them.
For example, if your relative has been sober for two months but then had a day of drinking, do not treat them as a failure. Be wary of certain phrases. These are not the type of “support” your loved one needs: “I knew you will give in, what else could I expect of you.” “You must be having it hard, you’ll probably never overcome it, there are no ex-alcohol addicts.”
The best thing you can do is focus on the future actions, not the consequences of the relapse. “Yes, people do relapse sometimes, you are used to solving problems this way, and these things happen. But you were able to hold yourself together for such a long time. Now you can stay sober for even longer if you really want to.”
Rule 3. Do not encourage them to drink.
A person has a hard time fighting an addiction, and they will have even lower chances of success if people around them offer them a drink regularly. You, the supporter, don’t have to quit drinking completely. Temptation will always be there and an addict will encounter alcohol somewhere else. You simply don’t have to create an artificial alcohol-free world at home.
A person should learn to contain themselves and properly react to the possibility of drinking by refraining from it. Your care and support are more important.
Rule 4. Continue fighting your co-dependence
Some people cannot immediately recognize enabling behavior, so you should pay attention to your actions and refrain from doing things that can encourage the person to go back to their addiction. Please remember that an addict was not the only one suffering: you were there too. The family of an addict often develops a routine around the bad habit. This simply means that the whole family will have to change their behavior, not just the person drinking.
Rule 5. Help to find a replacement for alcohol
Do not wait until a person finds a replacement for their drinking themselves. Offer them various ways to spend time: go to the cinema, take a trip to a countryside, join with others who promote a healthy lifestyle. You can take part in sports, like swimming, cycling, roller skating or just walking. Find an activity that can help you relax and keep you entertained.
Pay attention to the fact that alcohol addiction is often accompanied by a habit of always drinking something at the table. The contents are not that important, simply having a glass will do. If that is the case, find suitable non-alcoholic drinks, until the addict grows out of the “drinking culture”.
Please, never forget that your loved one must make all the decisions themselves, or it will turn into a life-long game of playing savior.
Rule 6. Take care of yourself
The addict is not the only person who requires help: you need it as well. You are faced with the difficult task of helping and supporting another person, while you also have to withstand the whole process yourself.
Simply quitting alcohol does not solve all the problems. An ex-addict may start whining and become constantly upset. They may behave inadequately, hoping that they will receive the same amount of help and care they had while drinking. A person trying to quit may behave unpredictably, so you will need support and an outside perspective. You can consult a psychologist personally or go to group counseling sessions for co-dependent people.
You should not remain alone in this situation. You have your own worth, you deserve love and care just as much as everyone else, so do ensure you find time for yourself.
Information from this website cannot be used for self-therapy and self-diagnostics.
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